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My Apps :
lwc-ws | ecommerce-cfe |

Heroku (Python)

Getting Started with Python on Heroku

Heroku Toolbet

Prerequisite

帮助 help

>heroku --help

准备应用 Prepare the app

clone project
git clone git@github.com:navicester/spreading.git
cd spreading
check version
git remote -v

origin git@github.com:navicester/spreading.git (fetch)
origin git@github.com:navicester/spreading.git (push)

部署应用 Deploy the app

登陆 login
>heroku login

Enter your Heroku credentials.
Email: navicester@qq.com
Password (typing will be hidden):
Logged in as navicester@qq.com

创建 create
>heroku create

Creating app... done, stack is cedar-14
https://thawing-tor-1782.herokuapp.com/ | https://git.heroku.com/thawing-tor-1782.git

如果不指定app名字,系统会自动生成一个随机名字 Heroku generates a random name (in this case thawing-tor-1782) for your app, or you can pass a parameter to specify your own app name.

>heroku create trydjango18course

下面会创建两个git

>git remote -v

heroku https://git.heroku.com/trydjango18course.git (fetch)
heroku https://git.heroku.com/trydjango18course.git (push)
origin git@github.com:navicester/trydjango18course.git (fetch)
origin git@github.com:navicester/trydjango18course.git (push)

常见问题
  1. 先建立git,然后再执行heroku create,否则无法push
  2. 连接超时(代理,未验证) https://devcenter.heroku.com/articles/using-the-cli#using-an-http-proxy
部署代码 deploy your code
(trydjango18) D:\virtualenv\trydjango18\src>git push heroku master
scale

安装正确后程序会运行

> (trydjango18) D:\virtualenv\trydjango18\src>heroku ps:scale web=1  
> Scaling dynos... done, now running web at 1:Free

> (trydjango18) D:\virtualenv\trydjango18\src>heroku ps  
> === web (Free): gunicorn trydjango18.wsgi  
> web.1: up 2016/01/17 15:05:27 (~ 4m ago)

查看日志 View logs

View information about your running app using one of the logging commands, heroku logs:

heroku logs --tail

Define a Procfile

Use a Procfile, a text file in the root directory of your application, to explicitly declare what command should be executed to start your app.

The Procfile in the example app you deployed looks like this:

web: gunicorn spreading.wsgi --log-file -

if wsgi in a deep subfolder, need xx.spreading.wsgi to get it work, xx is python package

如果wsgi是子目录的话,需要用xx.trydjango18.wsgi,xx是python package

声明依赖 Declare app dependencies

requirements.txt, and it looks something like this:

Django==1.8.4
gunicorn==19.4.5
psycopg2==2.6.1
whitenoise==2.0.6
dj-database-url==0.3.0
below 2 tools need to be added, otherwise, the css won't work
dj-static==0.0.5
static==0.4

  • gunicorn : Gunicorn 'Green Unicorn' is a Python WSGI HTTP Server for UNIX.
  • psycopg2 : Psycopg is the most popular PostgreSQL database adapter for the Python programming language.
  • dj-database-url : This simple Django utility allows you to utilize the 12factor inspired DATABASE_URL environment variable to configure your Django application.

  • dj-static : This is a simple Django middleware utility that allows you to properly serve static assets from production with a WSGI server like Gunicorn.

  • static : Serve static or templated content via WSGI or stand-alone.
  • wsgiref : WSGI (PEP 333) Reference Library
  • wheel : A built-package format for Python.
  • whitenoise : Radically simplified static file serving for WSGI applications

之前版本如果下面两个不安装,css不能正常工作,新版本中好像没这个问题了

dj-static==0.0.5
static==0.4

2017-9-16 我运行了collectstatic命令之后也解决了这个问题

Install the dependencies

pip freeze > requirements.txt
#添加其他没有生成的package
pip install -r requirements.txt

make sure you are working in the right environment, if you work in virtualenv, run 'Scripts\activate' before 'pip freeze'

in wsgi.py

try:
 from dj_static import Cling

 application = Cling(get_wsgi_application())
except:
 pass

本地运行 Run the app locally

  • use python manage.py collectstaticto collect statistic ( when push to Heroku, it will run this automaticly)

  • Edit the requirements.txt file. Remove the line containing gunicorn. Or add a new file **requirements_windows.txt", then run pip install -r requirement_windows.txt

  • Now start your application locally using heroku local, which was installed as part of the Toolbelt. Just like Heroku, heroku local examines the Procfile to determine what to run. Instead of using the default Procfile, use the Windows version which starts a simple Python web server instead. It reads something like web: python manage.py runserver 0.0.0.0:5000. To start your app locally, run: heroku local web -f Procfile.windows

(trydjango18) D:\virtualenv\trydjango18\src>heroku local web -f Procfile.windows

web: python manage.py runserver 0.0.0.0:5000

  • Open http://localhost:5000 with your web browser

Provision add-ons

配置数据库 Provision a database

heroku database

sqlite3

Python老版本执行python manage.py syncdb会在heroku server上创建db文件,但是django==1.8好像不行,得传上去

Psycopg2

安装psycopg2

psycopg2==2.6.1
psycopg2 : Psycopg is the most popular PostgreSQL database adapter for the Python programming language.

Migrating from MySQL to Postgres on Heroku heroku-postgresql 在该目录下可以看到db,或者直接从apps进入add-on中的数据库

Connection Settings
Host
    ec2-54-225-165-132.compute-1.amazonaws.com
Database
    dbv6n78stkmeqg
User
    ntccscinrvwneo
Port
    5432
Password
    Show 
Psql
    heroku pg:psql --app intense-depths-2863 DATABASE
URL
    Show

修改settings中的数据库配置

from django.conf import settings
DATABASES = settings.DATABASES

import dj_database_url
# Parse database configuration from $DATABASE_URL
DATABASES['default'] = dj_database_url.config()

it's not needed to have explicit configuration as below:

if len(DATABASES['default']) == 0:
 DATABASES = {
     'default': {
         'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.mysql',
         'NAME': 'dbv6n78stkmeqg',
         'USER': 'ntccscinrvwneo',
         'PASSWORD': '5432',
         'HOST': '', 
         'PORT': '', 
     }
 }

if I continue to use sqlite3, it will report error

Exception Type: DatabaseError
Exception Value:    no such table: django_session

A database is an add-on, and so you can find out a little more about the database provisioned for your app using the addons command in the CLI:

heroku addons

Listing the config vars for your app will display the URL that your app is using to connect to the database, DATABASE_URL:

heroku config

Heroku also provides a pg command that shows a lot more:

heroku pg
常见问题
  • Issue 1: Django. South. Heroku. KeyError: 'default' 添加了DATABASES['default'] = dj_database_url.config() , local运行python manage.oy runserver时,报如下错误
  File "D:\PythonWebSW\Python27\lib\site-packages\south-0.8.4-py2.7.egg\south\db\__init__.py", line 83, in <module>
    db = dbs[DEFAULT_DB_ALIAS]
KeyError: 'default'

Solution : add

import os
from django.conf import settings

参考:http://stackoverflow.com/questions/23964807/django-south-heroku-keyerror-default evernote

  • Issue 2 : Cannot run more than 1 Free size dynos. You would do this via heroku ps and then heroku ps:stop <DYNO> to stop the process. Eg.
(lwc_test) D:\virtualdir\lwc_test\lwc>heroku ps

=== web (Free): gunicorn lwc.wsgi
web.1: idle 2016/01/20 00:48:46 (~ 21h ago)
=== run: one-off processes
run.2351 (Free): up 2016/01/19 23:36:22 (~ 22h ago): python manage.py shell

(lwc_test) D:\virtualdir\lwc_test\lwc>heroku ps:stop run.5656

Stopping run.5656 dyno... done

(lwc_test) D:\virtualdir\lwc_test\lwc>heroku ps:stop web.1

Stopping web.1 dyno... done

database

如果是sqlite3,不需要把db文件传到服务器上(猜测系统会根据setting文件自动创建)

heroku run python manage.py syncdb

Exception Type: DatabaseError

Exception Value: no such table: joins_join

no-such-table-error-on-heroku-after-django-syncdb-passed no-such-table-error-on-heroku-after-django-syncdb-passed

Run Command in Heroku

heroku run python manage.py runserver

或者

heroku run bash
$python manage.py runserver
$exit

或者

打开控制台

(trydjango18) D:\virtualenv\trydjango18\src>heroku run python manage.py shell

打开网址

https://trydjango18course.herokuapp.com

(trydjango18) D:\virtualenv\trydjango18\src>heroku open

常见问题
  • 2016-09-17T08:36:03.029030+00:00 app[web.1]: bash: gunicorn: command not found

安装guicorn

gunicorn : Gunicorn ‘Green Unicorn’ is a Python WSGI HTTP Server for UNIX.

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